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Translations of Russian Works

The translations offered here are part of a working collection of translations used by the AMPHORAS Project over a number of years. Many are partial -- only the passages of particular interest for the dating and classification of Greek amphoras are given. Most have erred on the side of literalness at the expense of style. In some, where a "social science" style of reference has been used, links to the Bibliography have been added to identify works cited, rather than reproducing the References list in the original. Some do not include illustrations, and are best used with the original publication.

We are grateful to S.Iu. Monakhov and I.V. Kats for permission to present our translations of works originally published by them, and to Saratov University Press for permission to include translations of articles which have appeared in the journal Antichnyi mir and arkheologiia, or in the collection Grecheskie amphory (Saratov 1992). These translations are not to be used in any kind of publication without the permission of the copyright holder and of the translator(s).


Brashinskii, I.B. Greek Ceramic Import on the Lower Don in V--III Centuries BC [Grecheskii keramicheskii import na Nizhnem Donu v V-III vv. do n.e.] (AN SSSR Leningrad 1980).
  • Partial: table of contents, pages 11-17, 41-44 only (to be continued).
  • Of special interest as giving a description of the range and arrangement of the amphoras found at this site. The amphora finds have enabled archaeologists to date the site with some accuracy, and the overlap in finds and dates with Olbia and Tanais have provided important contexts for the study of other archaeological finds.
Monakhov, S.Iu.;
Rogov, E.Ia.
"Amphoras of the Panskoe I Necropolis [Amfory nekropolia Panskoe I]" Antichnye Mir i Arkheologiia 7 (1990) 128--153.
  • Full article (with illustrations)
  • Another important Russian archaeological site, at which a range of Greek amphoras were found; these are fully described in the article, and use is made of their capacity measurements to lay a basis for later studies of trade standards.
V.I. Tsekhmistrenko "On the Question of the Periodization of Sinopean Ceramic Stamps [K voprosu o periodizatsii sinopskikh keramicheskikh kleim]" SA 1958.1, (1958) 56--70
  • Full article.
  • A locus classicus for how the internal evidence of amphora stamps, both readings and devices, can be used to establish sequences of names and dates. Using the material at his disposal in the Kerch museum, the author illustrates the dies of different die-cutters and works out the relation of the devices, syntax, and line arrangements in the stamps to the magistrates and fabricants named in them, thus laying the framework for dating Sinopean stamps (the dating has been refined since by other scholars).
N.V. Efremov "On the History of Trade Relations of Knidos with the North Black Sea Area (According to the Materials of Ceramic Stamps) [K istorii torgovykh sviazei Knida s severnym Prichernomor'em (Po materialam keramicheskikh kleim] Greek Amphoras [Grecheskie amfory] (Saratov University Press, 1992 Saratov) 254-265
  • Full article (with illustrations)
  • Proposes a redefinition of Grace's period dates for Knidian stamps and lays out the pattern of Knidian trade to the Black Sea Area from the beginning of Knidian stamping (the "prow" stamps are accepted as Knidian) to the latter part of the 2c BC, tracing the rise and fall of trade into the region through an analysis of the number of Knidian amphoras imported there, and relating the fluctuations to political events.
C.G. Koehler "A Brief Typology and Chronology of Corinthian Transport Amphoras [Obshchaia tipologiia i khronologia korinfskikh transportnykh amfor] Greek Amphoras [Grecheskie amfory] (Saratov University Press, 1992 Saratov) 265-279
  • Full article
  • Definition and description of the three types of amphoras often assigned to Corinth: types A (8c to 4c BCE) and A' (5c to 2c BCE), which were in fact made in Corinth, and type B (6c to 2c BCE) which may have been made in Corinth, but seems also to have been produced by Corinth's colony, Corcyra.
V.I. Kats "Typology and Chronological Classification of Khersonesan Magistrate Stamps [Tipologiia i khronologicheskaia klassifikatsiia Khersonesskikh magistratskikh kleim]" VDI 1985.1 87--113.
  • full article (with illustrations)
  • Details new criteria for grouping the 370 known Khersonesan stamp types (dies) from the study of ca 2500 stamps; divides magistrate stamps into stylistic groupings (Types), and develops a chronological framework: Group 1 = end 4c BC to 1/4 3c BC; Group 2 = 275--215 BC; Group 3 = 215--60s 2c BC. Tables (the major one not reproduced here) show the chronological positions of the magistrates named on the stamps, and the stylistic features of the stamps to be found in each chronological group.
S.Iu. Monakhov "Towards a typology of Knidian amphoras of 4th-2nd c BC [K tipologii knidskikh amfor IV-II vv. do n.e.]" The Bosporan phenomenon: Greek culture on the periphery of the ancient world [Bosporskii fenomenon: grecheskaia kul'tura na periferii antichnogo mira]. (St Petersburg, 1999) pp 161-172. [Also in PDF for downloading and printing.]
  • full article (with illustrations)
  • Collects evidence for early amphoras, such as the prow stamp jars, ones with monogram PAQ, other mushroom rim jars, and Zenon A and B amphoras, and discusses parallels from Russian contexts to support their identification as Knidian. Two different series of Knidian amphoras are proposed, classified as Type I A-D and Type II A-G. Illustrated with profile drawings of all Types.